Summary of Mormonism
Summary of Mormonism – What is the History?
A summary of Mormonism (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) begins with its founding by Joseph F. Smith Jr. in 1830. Smith claimed to have a revelation from God in 1820, pursuant to which Smith was called to establish the true church. As a result, he organized the Mormon Church ten years later, with six original members. Before his death at the hands of a mob in 1844, Smith moved the church from New York to Ohio to Missouri to Illinois. After his death, Brigham Young was affirmed as president of the church and led several thousand followers to Utah where they established Salt Lake City in 1847.
Summary of Mormonism – The Key Beliefs
The Mormon Church uses the Bible and the "Book of Mormon" as its primary authorities. Mormons also view the "Doctrine and Covenants" and "The Pearl of Great Price" as divinely authoritative.
The Mormon Church views God as the Supreme Being of the universe, but he attained that position over a long period of time. He gradually became the Supreme Being by living a perfectly righteous life. Mormonism also teaches that God the Father has a body of flesh and bones, and that all humans exist as spirit beings before being born into the world. Physical birth gives bodies to these spirits, and an opportunity for free will choice.
The physical world represents a period of probation. The way a person lives on earth determines his status in the afterlife. If the deeds of the physical life are performed to a satisfactory standard, including the fulfillment of Mormon temple obligations, that individual can become a god in the after-life and produce "spirit children" to populate a world of his own (like God did with the earth).